* This post is written by Cindy Zimmer, one of the Korea Blog’s Worldwide Korea Bloggers.
Learning Korean is fun, frustrating, difficult, and satisfying. While I wouldn’t recommend anyone start off the way I did – by moving to Korea to teach English with only the little amount I learned on the plane ride – there are plenty of options available. This post will attempt to cover the ones I’ve personally tried over the past few years. Instead of just giving you the different options (a quick Google search can do that for you), I’m going to give a brief explanation of each option along with my option and rating of them. The list won’t cover everything of course, as I’ve definitely not tried all the options yet, but it will give a good overview of what’s out there. I’ll admit, I’m not the best student and my studying has been rather haphazard until 2011 when I decided to take it more seriously. I’m actually studying more now than when I lived in Korea (and I’m not sure if that’s a good or bad thing).
Why am I learning Korean?
Beside the obvious reasons of wanting to talk to my Korean friends in Korean as well as English, there are a wide variety of reasons I want to learn Korean. I love K-pop and would love to be able to sing them easily in a noraebang (Korean singing room, similar to Karaoke but in a private room). Oh yeah, it would also be great to understand more than the occasional word in Korean dramas and movies so I could watch them without subtitles. And as I write more about Korean culture and events in Toronto, it would be nice to be able to read the Korean newspapers and websites here for background information for my stories. It would also make shopping onand other similar Korean shopping sites. Plus, it’s just fun (if hard work)!
How have I tried to Learn Korean?
Move to Korea – Like I said above, my journey learning Korean started when I moved to Korea to teach ESL. Being thrown in the deep end – my moving there was a snap decision and I knew absolutely no Korean before I left Canada – made learning survival Korean essential. I only knew what I learned from a travel guide on the plane when I arrived but living in Ulsan, I quickly learned the basics. Living in a foreign country or traveling in one (to a lesser degree) is a great way to increase your language skills but not necessarily the easiest way to start learning a new language.
Rating: 2/5 for ease of learning, 5/5 for effectiveness
Cost: depends (for me it was free as I was moving for work)
Take a class at a Korean academy or institute in Korea– I took classes at a Korean academy in Seoul for a month and while my experience wasn’t great, learning at a good academy or institute can be a great way to learn Korean in an organized school-like setting. My personal experience wasn’t good because the instructor didn’t speak any English and at the beginner level (my level at the time), knowledge of the student’s native language is essential (or at least a common language, although their native language is best). At the intermediate or higher level it’s not necessary but still helpful to have some knowledge of where they are coming from – my ESL teaching become more effective as I learned Korean because I understood why my students were making certain mistakes. The only thing I remember from my month-long class was the grammar rule about 은/는. However, even though my experience wasn’t great, I know several people who highly recommend this option and I would definitely try it again (especially now that my level is a little higher). Ask for a friend’s recommendation first, as not all academies are createdequal.
Rating: 1/5 for ease of learning (4/5 based on my friend’s experience) and 1/5 for effectiveness (4/5 based on my friend’s experience)
Cost: $200-500 a month (from what I remember)
Take a class at the local Korean Consulate – The Korean Consulate in Toronto offers free beginner and intermediate Korean classes three times a year (fall, winter and spring). I know from online friends that there are similar classes in other countries as well. I signed up for their class last spring (to read more about my experience, click here) and as it was so fun (and quite effective), I signed up for the fall classes which will start in September. The classes are taughtby actual Korean teachers – always a bonus – who speak great English so when the students weren’t able to grasp a grammar point in Korean, they could easily explain it in English. I highly recommend these classes! For more information, check out their website.
Rating: 4/5 for ease of learning (class sizes are limited to 30 which is nice) and 5/5 for effectiveness (I learned a lot about verbs and grammar in the 10 week course)
Join a language exchange group – This is a great option for anyone above the beginner level. It’s probably not the best way to start learning a new language, but once you have a basic grasp of Korean, it’s a great way to both improve your language skills and to meet new people. Meetup is a great website to find a language exchange group in your hometown but there are other options too. However, this option does depend on the quality of the participants (your language exchange partner and you) and your ability to practice too. [Full disclosure – I am one of the organizers for Say Kimchi, the Korean-English language exchange Meetup group in Toronto].
Rating: 4/5 for ease of learning (I’ve had some great partners and it’s always lots of fun), 3/5 for effectiveness (I need to review the material afterwards for it to beeffective)
Cost: Depends, there’s generally a small cost to join ($5 for my group) and a small cost for each class/exchange you attend ($2 for my group) to cover the lessons/printing
Get a language exchange partner – This option is similar to the one above except you’re not in a group setting. I’ve found this can be a great way to make friends. I did this several times in Korea and we generally ended up as friends which was fabulous and one of the reasons I had more Korean friends than foreign friends in Korea. As a way to improve my Korean, it was less effective as we generally talked in English but for those with a higher level, a language exchange partner can help you become more fluent. The site I used most (and recommend highly even though they’ve changed recently) is Hanlingo. I’ve just started using recently Conversation Exchange, too recently to make a recommendation but I will let you know what I think soon.
Rating: 5/5 for ease of learning (it’s one-on-one and you can decide what you want to learn), 3/5 for effectiveness (this can depend on the partner)
Cost: free, although people often meet in a café so you might want to buy a coffee or tea – tea for me please
Get a private tutor– This is the best option as your classes are entirely tailored to your needs and level, although it can also be expensive. Of course, not all tutors are created equal. It took me almost a year to find a great tutor in Seoul (I haven’t tried this option in Toronto yet) but once I did, my level improved significantly in the short time we spent together. I believe if I had a year with a good tutor… my level would be amazing Look for a tutor who is either a teacher or who has at least a year of tutoring experience. Other criteria that are useful include: their English ability (for explaining difficult grammar points or new vocabulary), compatible teaching style (to your learning style), and friendliness. Also look for recommendations from someone you know. However, I would caution you from hiring a friend as money is involved.
Rating: 5/5 for ease of learning, 5/5 for effectiveness (with a good teacher)
Cost: $20-$50 a class (although I have seen some offered for $15) and you can often get a discount for two students if you have a friend who also wants to learn
Use Talk to Me in Korean (TTMIK) – I discovered them a year or two ago and their podcasts (with accompanying PDFs) are fabulous. This is a great way to start learning Korean as they have lessons from the absolute beginner (how to say “hello” in Korean) to intermediate dialogues. I highly recommend them as an entertaining and effective supplement to more traditional classes (although I know some people who use them as their primary “class”). You can find them through their website and on YouTube, Facebook, Twitter and as a podcast on iTunes.
Rating: 5/5 for ease of learning (you can listen/watch the lessons at your convenience), 3/5 for effectiveness (I find them a great supplement but I learn better in a more organized fashion)
Cost: most of it is free but there are some components you can purchase at a small cost (under $10)
Use other online resources – I’ve tried a few but most have an upfront cost or don’t stay in business long enough to be effective. I have no problem paying for a good education but I’ve been burned by some bad ones in the past so I’d rather try the product/lesson/website before I pay. That being said, I just signed up for the daily emails from Korean Flashcards and so far, this looks like a great way to increase my vocabulary. Okay, weekly emails would be better for me because I don’t have enought time to memorize a dozen or more words everyday right now but it’s still a great idea.
Rating: depends on the website (sorry I’m not more exact)
Cost: depends on the website but they seem to be from $0-$150 from what I’ve seen
Buy a program like Rosetta Stone – I’ve only ever tried the demo version of this but it seemed a very natural method of learning a new language. It’s based on how children learn their native language. Very easy to use and the demo seemed fun too. Would love to try a full version but it’s not in my budget at the moment. They also have an online version, for more information check out their website.
Rating: 5/5 ease of learning, 4/5 for effectiveness (from the demo)
Cost: $179 for each level or $399 for all three levels
Ways I Haven’t Tried but Come Recommended
Take a class at a Korean (or Canadian) University– I didn’t go this route but I know some friends who did in Korea and their Korean improved faster than those of us who didn’t take the classes. Many Korean universities offer both regular courses and intensive programs. If I ever move back toKorea– always an option – I would love to take one of the intensive programs. Language immersion is always effective! Plus I’m one of the odd people who loves school/university.
Rating: 3/5 for ease of learning and 5/5 for effectiveness (based on friend’s experiences)
Cost: Depends on the program length and type as well as the university.
Take a class at a private academy in Canada– I’ve never tried this option yet but am seriously tempted to. One option that’s available is Hansa Canada. They also offer private lessons.
Rating: none available at this time.
Cost: $375 per level (three levels), $375 for 10 hours of private lessons
What methods have you used to learn Korean? Which do you find the most effective? Which is the most fun? Which would you recommend I try?